It is not to be supposed, that the death of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand will have any immediate or salient effect on the politics of Europe.
–Commentary from the Manchester Guardian on the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand a century ago. Thirty-seven days later, Britain would declare war on Germany and Europe was plunged into a worldwide conflict in which more than 16 million people died in four years (Read more here)

Posted 2 months ago with 1,804 notes
© royalwatcher


Broch of Gurness

The Broch of Gurness is an Iron Age broch village on the northwest coast of Mainland Orkney in Scotland overlooking Eynhallow Sound. It is one of the most outstanding surviving examples of a later prehistoric settlement that is unique to northern Scotland.

Dates for the broch are unclear, but it is generally agreed that it was built between 200 and 100 BC - possibly on the site of an earlier settlement. The entire settlement was circled by outer defences comprising of a band of three ramparts and three ditches.

As time progressed, the broch’s defensive role decreased, until around 100 AD, after years of neglect, it was finally abandoned and its upper sections dismantled - probably to provide the building material for later houses in the area. Over the ensuing years, its walls continued to be reduced, as stone provided a valuable source of building material.

photo by The K Team

Posted 10 months ago with 1,269 notes
© archaicwonder


Wiesław Chrzanowski (20 December 1923 – 29 April 2012) - a Polish politician and lawyer, a member of the Polish anti-Nazi resistance organization, the Home Army, during World War II, here photographed during the Warsaw Uprising.

Posted 11 months ago with 1,640 notes

photo via wikipedia

Pope John II, who became Pope in 533, was the first to change his name upon taking the Papacy. He did so as his birth name (Mercurius) honored a Pagan god.

Posted 11 months ago with 179 notes
© historyofeurope


Robe a la Francaise 



Museum of London

Posted 11 months ago with 613 notes


Edin’s Hall Broch, also known as Odin’s Hall Broch is a 2nd century broch near Duns in the Borders of Scotland. It is one of very few brochs found in southern Scotland. It is roughly 27m in diameter.

The broch may have been built during the pre-Roman Iron Age,  during the forty-year interval from AD 100 and 140 (Pax Romana),  the two Roman occupations of southern Scotland.

Posted 11 months ago with 750 notes


6,871 plays


Chant de l’Oignon (song of the onion)

A march popular among Napoleon’s Imperial Guard.

J’aime l’oignon frît à l’huile,                        I love onion fried with oil,
J’aime l’oignon quand il est bon,    I love the onion when it’s good,
J’aime l’oignon frît à l’huile,                       I love onion fried with oil, 
J’aime l’oignon, j’aime l’oignon.    I love onion, I love onion.

Au pas camarade, au pas camarade,        Let’s charge comrades, let’s                                                                              charge comrades.

Au pas, au pas, au pas.                           Let’s charge, let’s charge, let’s charge
Au pas camarade, au pas camarade,       Let’s charge comrades, let’s charge                                                                        comrades.
Au pas, au pas, au pas.                           Let’s charge, let’s charge, let’s charge

Un seul oignon frît à l’huile,                      One onion fried with oil,
Un seul oignon nous change en lion,         One onion we change into a lion,
Un seul oignon frît à l’huile                       One onion fried with oil,
Un seul oignon nous change en lion.         One onion we change into a lion,


Mais pas d’oignons aux Autrichiens,        But no onions for the Austrians
Non pas d’oignons à tous ces chiens,       No onions for all these dogs
Mais pas d’oignons aux Autrichiens,        But no onions for the Austrians
Non pas d’oignons, non pas d’oignons.    No onions, no onions


Aimons l’oignon frît à l’huile,                    Love the onion fried with oil.
Aimons l’oignon car il est bon,                 Love the onion because it’s good,
Aimons l’oignon frît à l’huile,                    Love the onion fried with oil.
Aimons l’oignon, aimons l’oignon             Love the onion, love the onion.

Posted 12 months ago with 1,121 notes


July 14, 1789: A Paris mob storms the Bastille.

The storming of the Bastille, a fortress-prison in Paris, was one of the key events and iconic moments of the early years of the French Revolution. When King Louis XVI ascended the throne of France in 1774, the government was deeply in debt as a result of colonial wars, and this debt worsened as France threw its support - and money - behind the American rebels in their war against the British crown. Famine was widespread, as was a general malaise, leading to the summoning of the Estates General to discuss the status of the nation. Disgruntled members of the Third Estate formed the National Assembly in June of 1789 and signed the Tennis Court Oath on June 20. When Jacques Necker, the king’s finance minister with some desire to appease the commoners with reform, was dismissed, mobs in Paris began to riot, believing that the king and royal forces meant to shut down the newly-formed National Constituent Assembly. 

They soon directed their anger at the relatively lightly guarded medieval fortress of Bastille, both a symbol of monarchical despotism and power in addition to a storage place for tens of thousands of pounds of gunpowder, which the revolutionaries intended to seize. By the early hours of July 14, a large armed mob had gathered outside the prison and prepared to storm the building. By the early afternoon, the Bastille’s military governor had surrendered the building, arms, and ammunition; he, along with other defenders of the prison, were beaten and killed by the mob, their heads raised above the crowd and paraded through the streets. 

Ninety-nine people died during the attack itself. The King, meanwhile, had been away at hunt; when he exclaimed that there had been a revolt upon learning of the fall of the Bastille, he was met with a reply from one member of the Estates-General and a social reformer: “Non, sire, c’est une révolution”. On August 26, 1789, the National Constituent Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

Posted 1 year ago with 2,434 notes


Baroness de Chalvet-Souville by Francois-Andre Vincent, 1793

This is my main documentation for a white-on-white polka dot chemise dress; however, dotted chemise a la reines don’t seem to be extremely rare! The Germans especially appear to have an affinity for them, which I will post.

Posted 1 year ago with 129 notes


Photographs of a devastated post-war Berlin in the summer of 1945.

“When Allied observers came to Germany after the war, most of them expected to find destruction on the same scale as they had witnessed in Britain during the Blitz. Even after British and American newspapers and magazines began to print pictures and descriptions of the devastation it was impossible to prepare for the sight of the real thing. Austin Robinson, for example, was sent to western Germany directly after the war on behalf of the British Ministry of Production. His description of Mainz while he was there displays his sense of shock:

That skeleton, with whole blocks level, huge areas with nothing but walls standing, factories almost completely gutted, was a picture that I know will live with me for life. One had known it intellectually without feeling it emotionally or humanly. 

British Lieutenant Philip Dark was equally apallaed by the apocalyptic vision he saw in Hamburg at the end of the war:

[W]e swung in towards the centre and started to enter a city devastated beyond all comprehension. It was more than appallaing. As far as the eye could see, square mile after square mile of empty shells of buildings with twisted girders scarecrowed in the air,  radiators of a flat jutting out from a shaft of a still-standing wall, like a crucified pterodactyl skeleton. Horrible, hideous shapes of chimneys sprouting from the frame of a wall. The whole pervaded by an atmosphere of ageless quiet… Such impressions are incomprehensible unless seen.

Berlin was “completely shattered - just piles of rubble and skeleton houses.” Between 18 and 20 million German people were rendered homeless by the destruction of their cities - that is the same as the combined prewar populations of Holland, Belgium, and Luxembourg. These people lived in cellars, ruins, holes in the ground - anywhere they could find a modicum of shelter. They were entirely deprived of essential servies, such as water, gas, electricity - as were millions of others across Europe.”

(Text via Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II by  Keith Lowe; photographs via)

Posted 1 year ago with 1,216 notes

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